The most important mega trends in Information and Communication Technology:
· NGN-Next Generation Internet and IPv6
Internet both national and world scale has become a fundamental part of oureconomic and social infrastructure. It is a driving force for innovation, the change in education, health care and government. The IPv6 Internet therefore becomes a critical infrastructure. It will play a key role in the sustainable development of the economy and society.
The vision of the future Internet has started to evolve. It is anticipated thatsignificant changes to the Internet will be driven by the rapid proliferation of mobile and wireless devices and other changes can be expected. It is a high priority for scientists, and government as well, that from vision go forward to action to continue the further development of Internet to meet the challenges of the future.
· General Next Generation Networks - GNGN
General Next Generation Networks can be defined as networks with a packet switching integrated architecture, providing existing and newly, emerging services with a loosely coupled, open and converged communications infrastructure. It is bringing forward a series of innovative opportunities, but also a greater array of challenges, touching upon competition, interconnection agreement and new business models.
An important question is how GNGN are different from the Internet. Following questions will be discussed more in the future:
· Participative web as a new platform of ICT BI SOA.
The use of the Internet is characterized by increased participation and interaction of Internet users who use it to communicate and express themselves. The most prominent concept to describe this evolution which uses the Internet’s inherentcapabilities more extensively is called ‘participative web’ (also called Web 2.0). It means an Internet increasingly influenced by intelligent, web services based on new technologies empowering the user to be an increasing contributor todeveloping, rating, collaborating and distributing Internet content and developing and customizing Internet applications.
· Service Oriented Architecture ( SOA )
Service-oriented architecture (SOA) is a software architecture that uses loosely coupled software services to support the requirements of business processes and software users.
SOA can also be regarded as a style of information systems architecture that enables the creation of applications that are built by combining loosely coupled and interoperable services.
The main drivers for SOA adoption are that it links computational resources and promotes their reuse. Enterprise architects believe that SOA can help businesses respond more quickly and cost-effectively to changing market conditions.
· RFID Chips Radio Frequency Identification
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an emerging technology consisting of three key pieces: RFID tags (miniaturized chips); RFID readers; and a data collection, distribution, and management system that has the ability to identify or scan information with increased speed and accuracy. Compared tothe bar code system, RFID promises long-term gains in supply chain management, transportation, defence and health care, to mention a few. RFID is increasingly used in commercial supply chain applications through aggregate level tagging, for example tagging identification of goods and services.
· Dynamic development of the e-economy, bids and tender documents. A major shift is taking place from the traditional economy to the e-economy. E-economy is now expected to accelerate become more and more pervasive in companies and people’s life. There are some indicators which underline this progress:
- By 2010 the number of Web users will reach 300 million in Western Europe
- The ratio of Web users to buyers will increase from 51% in 2008 to 72% in 2010
- E-commerce will reach over 3.217 billion Euro in 2011
Emerging devices and technologies in the area of wireless communications are expected to further accelerate the expansion the e-economy
-Broadband Fibre- Optical Networks and Services in Metro Cities reducing the demand for transportation.
ESA-Enterprise Services Architecture is going to replace the isolated island solurions enabling the end to end systems integration.
Prof.Dr.Mehmet Erdas 15.05.2009 Berlin